How to Install a Ceiling Light Fixture in 10 Easy Steps

Earlier than You Start

Flip the wall energy change controlling the sunshine fixture to the OFF place. If there may be any probability one other particular person might activate the change while you’re working (e.g., kids or a partner), then flip off the ability on the main service panel.


Step 2: Detach The Wires

Use a bent piece of coat hanger to hold the fixture from the field to be able to assist it. Unscrew the wire nuts and detach the wire connections.

Contact-Up the Ceiling

Each time I set up a lightweight fixture, I all the time discover that my arms are everywhere in the ceiling and I make a giant mess up there. I grabbed some ceiling paint and touched up the entire smudges I made.

Flip Off the Energy

The primary, and most essential, step. Head to your breaker field and ensure to kill the ability to the room. Then, return to the room and flip on the entire switches to verify no lights go on. You may as well seize your voltage tester and put it as much as any shops within the room to double-check.

Issues You will Want

  • Ladder
  • Sheet rock noticed
  • Lineman pliers
  • Assorted screwdrivers
  • Wirenut assortment
  • NM sort cable (a.ok.a. “Romex”)
  • Snake or Fish tape
  • Swap field(es)
  • Swap(es)
  • Fixture
  • Fasteners
  • Spackle or different patching compound
  • Putty knife / scraper
  • Drill and bits.

Reduce the opening and run the cable

Find the studs. Then maintain the fixture in opposition to the wall someplace between the studs to find out one of the best location and evenly mark the highest and backside of the cover with a pencil. Heart the reworking field on the marks and mark the field cutout rigorously, being attentive to notches wanted for the clamps and different protrusions. Reduce out the opening (Picture 2). Subsequent, punch out one of many knockouts within the prime of the change field and push the cable as much as the opening (Photographs 3 and 4). Put together the reworking field for mounting by stripping about 12-in. of sheathing from the cable and pushing it into the field by way of one of many cable entry factors on the again. Make sure that not less than 1/4-in. of sheathing is seen contained in the field. Go away some slack cable contained in the wall to permit some leeway if you join the change (Picture 5). Then match the reworking field into the opening and tighten the clamps.

Step 5: Join With Wire Nuts

To keep away from straining the connections, quickly cling the brand new fixture from the field with the bent coat hanger. Starting with the uninsulated or inexperienced insulated copper grounds, maintain the stripped ends facet by facet and twist on a wire nut, turning it clockwise. Join the white wire to the white wire and the black to the black.

What If You Have To Go Fish?

We’re exhibiting the best way to run a cable through the same stud space that incorporates the change. Positioning the sunshine in an adjoining stud area is tougher.

Add a Floor Wire to a Metallic Field

Attach a ground wire to the metal box if it's not

Connect a floor wire to the metallic field if it isn’t already current (flip energy off first). Wrap the tip of a 6-in. size of naked copper wire round a No. 10-32 floor screw and drive it into the threaded gap within the backside of the field. Wrap the wire not less than three-quarters of the best way across the screw in a clockwise path. Tighten the screw to safe the bottom wire.

As a result of most lighting fixtures are metallic or have uncovered metallic elements, they should have an gear floor to be protected. First it’s a must to ensure that a grounding means is obtainable (Photographs 3 and 4).

If your home is wired with plastic-sheathed cable with a naked copper floor wire, you are most likely lined, however take a look at it to make certain, utilizing the identical process we’re utilizing to check the metallic field. As soon as you’ve got decided {that a} floor exists, it is merely a matter of constructing certain that every one the metallic elements—electrical field, fixture-mounting strap and lightweight fixture—are securely related to the bottom (Photographs 5 and eight). In case your crossbar does not have a threaded gap for a floor screw, join a floor wire to it with a particular grounding clip.

Make Positive You Get the Polarity Proper

The 2 lamp twine wires on many hanging lighting fixtures are arduous to inform aside. Nonetheless, it’s vital to accurately establish the impartial wire and join it to the impartial wire(s) within the field. Connecting it to the recent will energize the threaded bulb socket and create a possible shock hazard. See Picture 8 for clues to figuring out the impartial fixture wire.

3 Easy Ways to Remove a Broken Light Bulb

Shut the Field

Fold the conductors into the ceiling box and slide

Fold the conductors into the ceiling field and slide the cover over the protruding threaded assist. Safe it with the ornamental nut to finish the set up.

After testing to verify not one of the wires within the field are sizzling (Picture 2), disconnect the recent, impartial and floor (in case your outdated fixture has one) out of your outdated fixture and depart different wires bundled within the field. Reconnect the brand new fixture to those similar wires (Picture 8).

If the outdated wires have twisted or broken ends, reduce them off and take away 1/2 in. of the insulated overlaying with a wire-stripping instrument. Join the wires from the brand new fixture with appropriately sized wire connectors. Learn the packaging to find out the proper measurement. If you join stranded fixture wire to stable wire, prolong the stranded finish about 1/8 in. past the stable wire earlier than you twist on the wire connector. Stranded wire sometimes clogs the threads in a connector, stopping a decent grip. Discard the connector and use a brand new one if it spins freely with out tightening.

Full the set up by putting in the cover (Picture 9). If it does not match tight to the ceiling, readjust the screws or threaded rod. Add gentle bulbs, change on the ability, and activate the change to take a look at your work.


If in case you have aluminum wiring, do not mess with it! Name in a licensed professional who’s licensed to work with it. This wiring is boring grey, not the boring orange that is attribute of copper.