How to Cover a Concrete Patio With Pavers (DIY)

Put together the Basis

  1. 1

    Measure out the plot on your pavers, remembering that the size and width have to be in multiples of 16 inches. Mark the corners. Test to make sure the realm is sq., measuring diagonally and adjusting if wanted. Hammer wood stakes into the bottom on the corners and run twine from stake to stake, creating your plot.

  2. 2

    Measure the thickness of your pavers, add 1 inch for sand and add 4 to six inches for gravel. Excavate the realm with a shovel to the full depth calculated.

  3. 3

    Lay panorama material into the plot. Overlap the sides with 6 inches of fabric.

  4. 4

    Pour a 4-inch layer of gravel on the material and clean with a backyard rake. Place a carpenter’s degree over the gravel in varied areas to make sure the gravel base settles into a good, degree layer.

  5. 5

    Water the gravel base flippantly with a backyard hose and sprayer. Tamp the bottom with a hand tamper.

  6. 6

    Lower a number of 1-inch PVC pipes the size of your plot and place them on the gravel, parallel with one another roughly 3 toes aside.

  7. 7

    Dump sand onto the gravel as much as, however not fully masking the PVC pipes. Place an extended 2-by-4 board over the pipes and drag it right down to screed over the pipes, smoothing the sand to create a degree, 1-inch base. Take away the pipes and fill the cavities with sand. Flippantly tamp the sand, taking care to not disturb the graceful, degree floor. Mist the sand flippantly with water.


Learn how to prep and lay a base

You’ll be able to lay a structurally sound base in 4 easy steps: structure, grade, gravel, and sand. Earlier than you soar in, you’ll want a number of instruments and supplies to do it proper. You will get a lot of these things at a Western Interlock facility in Oregon or Washington, a neighborhood ironmongery store, or panorama provider.


  • Work gloves
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Tape measure
  • 24” degree
  • Rubber mallet
  • Metal tamper or plate compactor
  • Pickaxe or mattock
  • Shovel
  • Backyard rake
  • Concrete placer
  • 10’–12’ aluminum strike board


  • Marking paint (white)
  • Line degree
  • Geo-textile
  • ¾” minus gravel
  • Washed concrete sand
  • 1” sq. (or spherical) metallic pipe bars or ¾” PVC pipe
  • Plastic edge restraint

Security Issues

Transferring massive quantities of heavy supplies can take a toll in your physique. Use a wheelbarrow. When shoveling, elevate out of your legs, not your again. Remember the fact that base supplies (crushed gravel) are heavier than grime, so use solely partial shovel hundreds.

Put on respiratory safety. Often spray the realm with water to maintain the mud down.

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Extra Suggestions

Plate compactor

When Mark wants a agency, void-free base for a patio, walkway, or stone wall, he places a single-direction compactor to work. It applies 3,375 foot-pounds of centrifugal power at 5,880 vibrations per minute, which is excellent for small jobs.

Learn how to learn pitch on a spirit degree

Some ranges, just like the I-beam, have vials with additional strains on each side that present pitches of 1 and a pair of p.c. When the bubble within the vial touches the two p.c line, for example, the extent has a pitch of ¼ inch per foot.

6. Unfold gravel

After you’ve set your grade, you’ll want to put 4” of gravel base for pedestrian functions, 6–10” for vehicular. Remember to use 3/4-0 or ODOT street base gravel so that you just get a superb mixture of superb and coarse combination for the perfect compaction.

For those who’re putting in a residential driveway, you will get away with solely 6” on a light-weight, well-draining soil. In colder climates with regularly moist or weak soils, add an additional 2–4” to your gravel base. For parking tons or residential streets, you’ll wish to lay at the very least 8” if not 10” of gravel.

Many new hardscape DIYers make the error of utilizing grime as their base combination layer. Don’t do this! Your pavers are solely as sturdy as your base. Meaning, for those who use grime, pavers rapidly sink, rotate, and separate. 

Earlier than shifting on, your gravel base must be flat, with none bellies or rises of greater than 1/8″. Any imperfections of greater than this are noticeable within the closing product. 

To perform this, you’ll have to compact your gravel with a metal tamper (for small tasks) or a plate compactor (for big tasks). Compact your gravel in 2″ lifts, which implies, compact your gravel 2″ at a time till the specified thickness is achieved. For instance, for those who’re laying a circle patio on your yard, you’ll have to unfold a complete of 4” of gravel, 2” at a time.

Drag a flat board throughout the compacted gravel to make sure there aren’t any remaining dips or rises within the gravel. Compact the gravel one closing time. As soon as your gravel is flat, your base is able to begin laying pavers.

Step 5: Vibrate the Pavers

As soon as the whole paver discipline and borders have been positioned, you will want to run a vibrating plate compactor over the paver challenge to being the interlocking course of.

Preliminary Setting and Lock-up:

Lease a vibrating plate compactor out of your native tools rental firm. As soon as the pavers and border have been positioned, unfold a light-weight layer of sand over the pavers and make a single cross utilizing this plate compactor.

This single cross will assist set the pavers into the bedding sand, and trigger some sand to maneuver up between the joints of the pavers. That is the preliminary stage of the “interlock”.

Paver Patio Prices The Breakdown

Once I sat down and added up the mathematics for this specific concrete paver challenge, it simply didn’t make sense economically to make my very own. 

Particularly if you add within the additional labor of creating them. I wanted 40 paving stones, that’s a whole lot of pavers to make.

Now let’s break down the prices of how a lot it might have been to make these pavers, vs the price of shopping for them.

To make 40 items, I might have wanted to buy 29 baggage of combine. It could have been far more productive to make use of a fast setting product, which might have value $400-500 in combine. 

For those who had on a regular basis on this planet, you could possibly go along with a inexpensive, non-rapid setting combine, however you’d nonetheless be taking a look at nearly $200. And then you definately nonetheless want so as to add in the price of the supplies for the kinds.

I paid $200 for all of my concrete pavers. The remainder of the supplies wanted for this challenge would have been the identical, regardless if I made my pavers, or purchased them. 

So you’ll be able to see, to undergo the labor and time concerned in making –on this state of affairs, I say simply purchase, reasonably than DIY.

When researching prices for buying patio paver stones and having them put in, estimates ran between $10-$22 per sq. foot.

Had I chosen that possibility, I possible would have been taking a look at over $1,000. My house isn’t a small house, so laying my very own pavers was clearly the easiest way to go.

Step 1: Getting ready the Base

You will need to present a nicely compacted, steady base on which to start the paver set up. In some circumstances, this can require intensive excavation of unsuitable sub-grade materials.

Excavate the Website:

Excavate all unsuitable, unstable, or unconsolidated sub-grade materials. When estimating the depth of excavation, think about the ultimate grade of the challenge. Add the peak of the paver unit, the depth of bedding sand, and the thickness of the compacted base materials to get an estimate of wanted depth.

Fill and Compact the Base:

Thickness of Compacted Base:

  • Pedestrian Site visitors: 3″–4″
  • Vehicular Site visitors: 4″–5″
  • Massive Vehicular Site visitors (e.g. motor properties): 6″–8″

Fill the excavated website with the suitable quantity of paver base materials (Class II Highway Base is advisable), and compact utilizing a vibrating plate compactor. The bottom have to be nicely compacted and degree to offer a clean, even floor on which to put the bedding sand.

NOTE: When making ready the grade of the bottom, remember to present a 1/8″–1/4″ of drop per foot for correct drainage.

Unfold a flat mattress of sand

Unfold material, then sand

Lay down landscape fabric to keep the sand from wa

Lay down panorama material to maintain the sand from washing down into cracks. Then place the screed pipe and unfold the sand.

These are the Best Herbs to Grow on a Patio

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Pavers Over Concrete: Assemble the supplies

The supplies for this 12 x 14-ft. patio value about $850, or $5 per sq. ft. Utilizing inexpensive pavers, you could possibly lower the fee by nearly half. Most panorama suppliers and residential facilities inventory all of the supplies, however you’ll have to perform a little looking for the correct mixture of pavers. The pavers used for the border have to be at the very least 3/4 in. thicker than the “discipline” pavers, which cowl the realm between the borders. That thickness distinction will enable for a mattress of sand underneath the sector. A distinction of greater than 3/4 in. is okay; you will simply want slightly extra sand. If you cannot discover thick pavers you want, think about retaining wall cap blocks for the border. We used cement pavers (concrete patio blocks) for the border and clay pavers for the sector.

To estimate how a lot sand you will want, seize your calculator. First decide the sq. footage of the sand mattress. Then divide that quantity by 12 for a 1-in. mattress or 18 for a 3/4-in. mattress. That may inform you what number of cubic toes of sand to get. You’ll be able to have a load of sand delivered or save the supply price by choosing up a load your self with a truck or trailer. Most dwelling facilities additionally promote bagged sand. A 50-lb. bag (1/2 cu. ft.) prices about $3.

Determine A: Pavers Over Concrete Slab

This technique requires two types of pavers. Glue

This method requires two kinds of pavers. Glue thicker pavers to the concrete on the perimeter and lay thinner pavers on a sand mattress. The ensuing look is one among our favourite patio block concepts.

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Issues For Constructing Your Personal Concrete Paver Patio

**And on the backside of this put up is the hyperlink to the newly renovated adjoining patio house. We made it nearly a yr after ending this patio. We was a phenomenal weed-free, patio backyard.

What Dimension Joints Ought to You Make?

You will have to depart at the very least a small hole between your concrete pavers to permit for growth and contraction, however you’ve gotten the choice to go wider.

Like I discussed, I used to be locked into a particular width of simply over 2”, however along with your patio house, you possible could have a alternative. 

Some individuals choose tight spacing due to the look, or to keep away from coping with sand or pebbles in between since they’ll spill out and get kicked round.

In order for you wider gaps, the width may be limitless for those who use grass in between. In any other case I like to recommend maintaining the spacing underneath 2 ½”. 

It’s attainable to go wider, however you’ll then wish to go along with a bigger stone which may be harder to seek out and costlier.

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Materials Sort For Paver Joints

If you’re gathering your provides, you’ll wish to think about the kind of materials that may fill within the gaps between the concrete pavers.

Listed here are among the hole fillers you would possibly wish to think about on your challenge:

  • Moss: This may be transplanted out of your yard or bought like sod from a nursery. Here’s how to transplant moss.
  • Grass: Let grass develop naturally. The downside right here is it’s possible you’ll be find yourself combating with weeds
  • Ornamental Pebbles: Fill the paver joints along with your alternative of pebbles. These is usually a pure stone coloration, or brightly coloured.
  • Glass stones: For a extremely glamorous look, use sanded glass pebbles.
  • Sand: Sand is straightforward and budget-friendly. I like to recommend utilizing polymeric jointing sand. Polymeric sand will seal and harden the sand so that you received’t monitor it.

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DIY Problem Stage | Average