How Long After You Pay Off Debt Does Your Credit Improve?

It can take up to two billing cycles or one or two months for your credit score to improve

It can take up to two billing cycles — or one or two months – for your credit score to improve, depending on how your lender or card issuer reports changes.


The bottom line about building credit fast

When you’re working to fix your credit, it takes good behavior over time. However, lowering your utilization rate by paying down existing debt, getting a new credit card or requesting a credit line increase on an existing card can provide the quickest credit score boost.

Any late payments and debts sent to collection should be handled promptly — otherwise, they’ll just cause more pain once they hit your credit reports. It’s also wise to review your credit reports on a regular basis. in order to spot errors that might be dragging down your credit score.

Knowing what actions to take that can help improve your credit score and being a responsible borrower can boost your chances of increasing your credit score by 100 points or even more.

When Can Paying Off Debt Hurt Your Credit Score?

There are some instances where paying debt may negatively affect your credit score. Here is more information on how that can happen: 

Closing Certain Account Types

Having a diverse credit mix is one factor that will impact your credit score. And so, closing a credit account that is unique to your credit history can harm your score. For example, paying off your only installment loan can reduce the diversity in your credit history/credit mix. 

The Age of Accounts

Another factor that will impact your credit score is how old your credit accounts are. The older your accounts, the more positive their impact on your credit score. And so, if you close a credit account that is one of your oldest, it can bring down your credit score. 

Closing Revolving Accounts Can Impact Credit Utilization Ratio

Your credit utilization ratio measures the debt you have against available credit balances. If you have a revolving debt paid off and close your account, it can decrease available credit balances, negatively impacting your credit score. So, even if you pay off your credit cards, consider keeping them open with your credit card companies.

Three Ways to Eliminate Collections Accounts From Your Credit Score

First, you must obtain credit reports from each of the three leading credit reporting agencies: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Notify only one or two of the bureaus about the collections. You may attempt various methods to delete collections from your account, some of which will be more successful than others. We’ll go through each of these possibilities in detail below.

However, do keep in mind that the outcomes of various strategies differ and that not every customer will see the same results. But it is always worth looking into as your credit score can increase as a consequence.

”Pay for Delete” Letter

If you talk with collections agencies and lenders, they may be willing to delete the collection accounts. The pay-for-delete letter, which is a formal request to have unfavorable marks deleted in return for cash, is one such method.

A collection agency is hired by the original creditor or lender to collect payment on a debt. They are paid a portion of the money received. This implies that a pay-for-delete letter must provide a sum more than the fee given by the lender for your account to be considered an incentive.

The following information should be included in your pay-for-delete letter:

  • Payment amounts
  • Negotiation terms
  • Dates

Make sure to always get proof of the creditor’s agreement in writing before proceeding. Do your homework and learn how to use a pay-for-delete letter as a bargaining strategy if you want to know more or want a letterhead to utilize.

Pay-for-delete letters are not accepted by all lenders. Most banks and big creditors aren’t willing to negotiate.

Goodwill Deletions

You can try drafting a goodwill letter to the original creditor if you already have an overall good credit score with only a single negative record. It’s a plea for the negative entries on your credit report to be removed as a gesture of goodwill. Lenders want to assist you, mainly if you’ve been a long-term customer with a positive history.

Specify the period that you have had an account with the creditor and that you want to retain your account in good standing moving ahead. Explain how your credit record is favorable and how your late payment was just an isolated incident.

Finally, as a gesture of goodwill, formally describe your desire for a line item adjustment on your credit reports.

Disputing a Collection

You have the right to challenge any incorrect, biased, or unfounded entries on your credit reports with the credit reporting agencies, lenders, or credit bureaus. The credit bureau is in charge of looking into the mistakes.

You may also be able to have the account deleted from your report if it cannot be confirmed, which would boost your credit score.

This is how you can file a complaint about a collection account: 

  •  Check your credit report for any mistakes. You have the right to contest any errors, including names, dates, typos, and unpaid balances.
  •  Request that the collections agency verifies the claim in writing. You should explain in your statement that you would like the collection agency to confirm that the credit you owe is yours. If they cannot do so, inform them that you would like the account erased from your credit report.
  • When in doubt, do not hesitate to contact a professional. It’s not simple to dispute collections or any other form of negative item. This might be intimidating and stressful for many. In such situations, It may be in your best interest to take the professional advice of a credit repair agency.
  • Keep records of your disagreements, and make it clear in your statement that you expect an answer from the credit bureau within 30 days.

Additional ways to build credit

Here are some other ways you can build your credit:

Apply for a loan

An installment loan is another type of credit that you can add to your credit portfolio. It allows you to borrow a set amount of money and repay it over a fixed period. The payment amounts are often fixed as well, though some allow you to pay off your balance early.

Some common examples of installment loans include auto, mortgage, student and personal loans. If your credit score isn’t in the best shape, you can still qualify for many of these, but your interest rates might be considerably higher.

Note that the FICO Score 10, launched in 2020, might factor in personal loans differently. However, it may take lenders a long time to adopt the new credit scoring model. FICO Score 8 is still considered the most widely used model.

Use a co-signer

You can sometimes get better rates if you use a co-signer — a family member or close friend who agrees to share responsibility for the loan. If they have a well-established credit history, it may positively impact your approval chances and interest rate.

However, it’s important to remember that co-signing is considered a significant financial risk. Any late payments will appear on the co-signer’s report too. If someone puts their trust in you to help you with your credit, make sure to pay on time — and thank them for their help.

Take out a credit-builder loan

A credit-builder loan can be a handy tool for building credit if you have poor credit or none at all. It allows you to borrow a relatively small amount of money — usually up to $1,000 — that the lender holds until you pay off the loan in full. After that, you get access to the money you borrowed.

Think of it as a certificate of deposit — a fixed-term savings account — only you’re paying interest and improving your credit history while doing so. The term length is typically between six and 24 months.

Tips for improving credit score after paying off debt

While paying off your credit card debt is important, what matters more is on-time payments and your utilization rate. Many times, borrowers will ignore these factors, thinking that clearing up their debt as quickly as possible is the key to a stellar score. But there are a few other methods to consider:

  • Be strategic with the order in which you pay off your debts. Personal loans and credit cards often have higher interest rates than mortgages, car loans and student loans. Paying off those first not only helps keep your credit utilization in check, but will also save you money in interest. You can also use a debt paydown calculator to help decide what order it makes sense to tackle your debts.
  • Check your credit utilization. If you’ve paid off your debt and your credit score went down, look at just how much of your credit you are using. If it’s above 30 percent, you might consider charging less each month. If that isn’t an option, you could speak with your issuer about increasing your credit limit. Both of those should help increase your credit score.
  • Open another credit card. While opening accounts could temporarily lower your score due to hard credit checks, opening a new card could increase your total available credit and spread your charging among several cards.

Does paying off a loan help or hurt credit?

Paying off a loan frequently hurts credit because it impacts your credit history and your credit mix. If the loan that you have paid off is your oldest credit line, then the average age of your credit will become newer and your score will drop. If the loan that you pay off is your only loan, then your credit mix suffers.

How Much Can a Collections Account Affect Your Credit Score

Whenever a collection appears on your credit report, it can lower your credit score by approximately 110 points, bringing it from fair to bad. You might lose even more points if your credit score is high to begin with.

Potential lenders will know that you have defaulted on a loan and that you could represent the same risk if they let you borrow money through them.

How Long Does It Take Credit Score to Rise

If you’re making strides on improving your finances, you may be anxious to see those changes reflected on your credit report and credit score. But improving your credit score can take time. 

How quickly your credit score rises is dependent on your starting point, including what debt you currently have, what credit is available to you, and whether you have a history of missed payments or bankruptcies. 

Pro Tip If you have little to no credit history, ask a parent or relative that has good credit to add you as an authorized user to their credit card. Their payment history and available credit will show up on your credit report, helping you establish your credit.

Lenders report information to the credit bureaus regularly, but some lenders only report every 45 days, according to credit bureau TransUnion. If you pay down debt, get a fraudulent account removed from your credit report, or boost your credit limit, it may be some time before you see those changes reflected on your credit report.

While instant results aren’t likely, it is possible to move your credit score into a new range in less than 12 months.  “If someone is making consistent payments, isn’t applying for new forms of credit and not charging anything else, they should be able to go from ‘poor’ to ‘fair’ credit within a year,” says Madison Block, senior marketing communications associate with American Consumer Credit Counseling, a national non-profit credit counseling agency . 

5. Make the Most of a Thin Credit File

Having a thin credit file means that you don’t have enough credit history on your report to generate a credit score. An estimated 62 million Americans have this problem. Fortunately, there are ways to fatten up a thin credit file and earn a good credit score.

One is Experian Boost. This relatively new program collects financial data that isn’t normally in your credit report, such as your banking history and utility payments, and includes that in calculating your Experian FICO Score. It’s free to use and designed for people with limited or no credit who have a positive history of paying their other bills on time.

UltraFICO is similar. This free program uses your banking history to help build a FICO Score. Things that can help include having a savings cushion, maintaining a bank account over time, paying your bills through your bank account on time, and avoiding overdrafts.

A third option applies to renters. If you pay rent monthly, several services allow you to get credit for those on-time payments. For example, Rental Kharma and RentTrack will report your rent payments to the credit bureaus on your behalf, which in turn could help your score. Note that reporting rent payments may only affect your VantageScore credit scores, not your FICO Score. Some rent-reporting companies charge a fee for this service, so read the details to know what you’re getting and possibly purchasing.

A new entry into this field is Altro (formerly Perch), a mobile app that reports rent payments to the credit bureaus free of charge.

Installment Loans

Installment loans, such as mortgages or auto loans, have a set term with fixed monthly payments. Unlike a revolving credit account, once the borrower makes the final monthly payment, the account is closed. Another contrast to revolving credit is that zeroing out your balance on an installment loan may not have much of a benefit to your credit—in fact, it may actually cause your scores to drop.

For some, paying off a loan won’t affect credit scores much at all. For others, it may cause a temporary drop. This can happen if it was your only installment loan, since having a mix of different types of accounts helps your score, and losing your one installment account can bring it down slightly. Additionally, if it was your only account with a low balance, paying it off can hurt your score if the other active accounts are a long way from being paid off.

Fortunately, any dips are usually temporary. Once the installment loan is paid off, your credit score should go back to where it was within one or two months. If your score doesn’t shoot up after paying off the loan, don’t despair: The paid-off loan will remain on your credit report for up to 10 years after the account closes. If your account was in good standing, having this positive history on your credit file can help your credit score in the long run.

Add utility and phone payments to your credit report

Typically, payments such as utility and cellphone bills won’t be reported to the credit bureaus, unless you default on them. However, Experian offers a free online tool called Experian Boost, aimed at helping those with low credit scores or thin credit files build credit history. With it, you may be able to get credit for paying your utilities and phone bill — even your Netflix subscription — on time.

Note that using Experian Boost will improve your credit score generated from Experian data. However, if a lender is looking at your score generated from Equifax or TransUnion data, the additional sources of payment history won’t be taken into account.

There are also services that allow rent payments to be reported to one or more of the credit bureaus, but they may charge a fee. For example, RentReporters feeds your rental history to TransUnion and Equifax; however, there’s a $94.95 setup fee and a $9.95 monthly fee.

How much will this action impact your credit score?

The average consumer saw their FICO Score 8 increase by 12 points using Experian Boost, according to Experian.

When it comes to getting your rent reported, some RentReporters customers have seen their credit scores improve by 35 to 50 points in as few as 10 days, according to the company.

Should I apply for another loan?

If you have paid off a debt and are looking to keep up your credit score, you may be wondering what you can do. If you close a loan, it may seem like opening another loan will keep your credit score points high. However, applying for another loan may only help your credit score in certain scenarios.

If the loan you closed was held for a while, meaning you had a long credit history with that loan, opening a new loan won’t help with any credit score points lost. A new account won’t bring you any wins with credit history length.

However, if paying off a loan means you lose some diversity in your credit portfolio, applying for certain types of loans could help your score. You get some points for having different types of credit (i.e. credit cards, auto loans, student loans, home loans, etc.). If the loan you pay off is the only one you have of its kind, you could gain some points back by opening a new type of loan. For example, if you pay off your car loan and are left with only credit cards, consider applying for a different type of loan.

A bigger contributing factor than credit mix for your credit score is whether you can make payments on time. If applying for a new loan will impact your ability to make any payments on time, you shouldn’t risk applying for the new loan.

How Quickly Does Your Credit Score Update?

Unlike a lot of financial metrics, your credit score doesn’t tick away silently in the background, changing without your knowledge. Instead, it’s recalculated each time you or a business requests it. If you request it often, it’ll update more frequently. Most popular free credit score websites request this information every month; that way, you get a new score update every 30 days.

It also depends on how often the companies you do business with report your information. For example, if your credit card company doesn’t report your payments until the end of the month, you won’t see the impact of your payments on your credit score until then, even if you pay it off at the beginning of the month.

The truth about raising your credit scores fast

While a lucky few may be in a situation where they can raise their credit scores quickly, the bottom line for most of us is that building credit takes time and discipline, especially if you’re trying to rebuild bad credit. That’s because your credit scores are complex and made up of several interconnected factors (more on that below).

So trust us: While some credit repair agencies may promise to raise your credit scores fast, there’s no secret that will help boost your credit scores quickly.

But if you start developing healthy habits now, you can build credit over time all by yourself.

5 factors that affect your credit scores

As we mentioned above, there are several factors that go into determining your credit scores.

  1. Payment history makes up the biggest chunk of your credit scores. That’s why it’s so important to make on-time payments each month if at all possible. Late payments can haunt your credit history for up to seven years.
  2. Credit usage, or credit utilization, is another important factor. This measures how much of your available credit you tap into at any given time. Experts recommend you keep this to less than 30%.
  3. The length of your credit history has some impact on your credit, though not much. This factors in the ages of your oldest and newest credit card accounts, as well as the average age of all your accounts. The older your credit, the better, because it shows lenders you have more experience managing credit.
  4. Your credit mix has a small impact on your credit. This looks at the types of credit you borrow. Lenders want to see that you can balance revolving accounts like credit cards with installment accounts like mortgages, student loans, auto loans and personal loans.
  5. Your recent credit also has a small impact on your credit. This tracks the applications you file for things like new credit cards and personal loans with hard inquiries. The fewer, the better.

How Bright can improve your credit score 

Bright can help boost your credit in a few different ways, automatically building a positive payment history and improving your utilization ratio.

Week by week, Bright finds the fastest, smartest ways to pay off your cards, always on time and always optimized to lower your interest charges.

Bright Credit Builder can help too, automatically building a positive payment history, and with a new line of credit, improves your credit utilization. Credit bureaus love it!

If you don't have it yet, download the Bright app from the App Store or Google Play. Connect your bank and your cards in a snap, set your goals and pace, then let Bright get to work.